May 2016: Long time, no post.

It’s been a while. Having embarked on a degree, I thought the garden might become fully neglected. Instead, it has only become partially neglected… June/July 2015 saw the ‘hot’ border grow to this epic magnitude.

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Impressive? I felt it was worth the hard work to get it to that point. It had grown incredibly full (this was late summer, when all of the ‘jewel’ colours in the garden are at their peak). In the foreground, the heuchera and sedum compete for darkest leaf award, the sedum winning out with its nicely contrasted dark pink flower. Behind it are a dark pink monarda, Burgundy Ice rose, cannas, dark leafed dahlias and a stunning pink salvia. Behind them are the yellows and some oranges. Scorching.

Below is an image of (mostly) both sides of the first section of the garden after one full year’s growth. It is clear from this image how one side has been planted with cool colours and the other with hot colours, and how well it works. Flame the German Shepherd is enjoying the garden too (she likes to chase the buzzy things). You can also see pink sedums, pink Japanese anemones and some antique pink sweet peas in this image.

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You can see that the newly laid brick path we put in last year has wintered, weathered, cracked in places, become overgrown with moss and a few weeds, and generally looks like it has been there for years. That was the idea!

After overwintering and dying back – as herbaceous borders do – I spent a bit of time on it in February, pulling out weeds and throwing on a thick layer of bark mulch to try to control them this year. I’m going fully ‘no dig’ in 2016 so it is all hand pulling of weeds and keeping on top of them, whilst spending as little time as possible doing it as I simply don’t have a lot of time to devote to this section for the next couple of years while I complete my degree.

Here is the border newly mulched and cleared, ready for all new growth. Since this image was taken (below) the hot border has really grown thanks to the lovely warm weather we’ve had in early May in the UK, coupled with the odd torrential downpour!

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All cut back and looking bare! This was taken at the end of February 2016. What a difference a few months of cold weather makes. Hopefully, it will be back to lush, vibrancy in no time. I will update.

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Building a herbaceous border. Pt. 2

Sooooo, in a bid to make this patch of ground look remotely like an actual garden, the rose arch becomes the next step in construction. The idea being that it will help develop some semblance of design and order to the garden, and it will also dictate how wide the brick path will eventually be, and where we need to begin construction of the next border.

So, the arch went up. After this, it was easy enough to plan out the left-hand border and dig out the turf (well, I say easy…).  The result of this looks slightly less uninspiring than the previous image. You can see how much of a difference a structure makes to a garden; it brings areas together and helps bring a sense of design into the garden.

April 2014
View of the first section of garden under construction.

The turf that remains as part of the full garden design is being treated for weeds and moss, and fed regularly. As a result, it has greened up nicely. It is a far cry from the head-high meadow grass I found when I moved in.

As we dug the left-hand border out, and laid down the wooden edging, we realised the soil levels were bizarrely at odds with each other. The right-hand bed – which was stripped of turf, dug out, had two tons of topsoil added, was planted up, and then had a ton of bark chips added as weed control, all last year – was in some places a foot higher than the soil level in the left-hand border. Once the wooden edging was down, this became hilariously clear. The solution is simple – more topsoil. Approximately two tons of topsoil! This has to be added before plants can go in, obviously. The turf was trimmed, so all that remains of grass in this section is a pathway. This pathway will eventually become a reclaimed brick path with a cottage garden feel.

April 2014
View of the first section of garden under construction.

To pass the time, and ease frustration on my part, I have spent some time planning where all of the plants will go in this border. Not as much of an easy task, partly because I seem to have a penchant for dark-coloured foliage and now have a collection of plants with dark red and black foliage, which needs to be spaced well and combined well to avoid a crazy mass of black and red shrubs in the border. This took much longer than expected, and I’m still not sure I’ve got it right (I usually end up transplanting plants around after the event, as I re-think where something might look much better once mature). To date, the plants have been set out in a semi-permanent way, and we now await the delivery of four tons of topsoil (half will go to fill the vegetable raised beds).

Here is the plant list for the left-hand border.

  • Philadelphus aureus
  • Acer palmatum ‘Oshio Beni’
  • Crocosmia ‘Walberton Yellow’
  • Euphorbia ‘Fireglow’
  • Solidago ‘Goldenmosa’ (Golden Rod)
  • Physocarpus opulifolias ‘Dart’s Gold’
  • Dicentra spectabilis ‘Gold Heart’
  • Heuchera ‘Marmalade’
  • Physocarpus ‘Little Devil’
  • Cytisus
  • Heuchera ‘Rio’
  • Knifophia ‘Tetbury Torch’
  • Cosmos ‘Chocamoca’
  • Physocarpus opfulifolius ‘Lady in Red’
  • Epatorium rugosum ‘Chocolate’
  • Cotinus Royal Purple’
  • Heuchera ‘Peach Flambe’
  • Heuchera ‘Midnight Bayou’
  • Geranim pratense ‘Midnight Reiter’
  • Diantus sunflor ‘Paseo’
  • Polyanthus ‘Fire Dragon’
  • Polyanthus ‘Stella Champagne’
  • Carex ‘Everest’
  • Hydrangea mops lacecap
  • Iris ‘Langport Wren’
  • Weigela ‘Victoria’
  • Geum ‘Lady Stratheden’
  • Crocosmia ‘Voyager’
  • Ligularia prewalskii
  • Coprosma ‘Pacific Midnight’
  • Viola ‘Honey Bee’
  • Crocosmia x crocosmiflora ‘Emily McKenzie’
  • Echinacea ‘Hot Lava’
  • Geum ‘Totally Tangerine’
  • Paeonia officinalis ‘Rubra Plena’
  • Corylus maxima purpurea
  • Sambucus nigra ‘Black Beauty’
  • Fuchsia ‘Display’
  • Geranium sanguineum ‘Elka’
  • Penstemon ‘Dark Towers’
  • Lewisia
  • Geranium ‘Bertie Crug’

As will hopefully be clear, this side has been designed to introduce gradients of bright colours – from yellows, oranges, reds, blending into pinks. I am still unsure about the pinks (not a ‘pink’ person).

So, on the morning of the topsoil delivery, this is what we started with:

Topsoil
Four tons of topsoil delivered to the door. Literally.

A few hours later, the bed was raised to the same level as the right-hand bed. Corrr, look at that lovely soil. Gorgeous stuff.

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Gorgeously dark, loamy topsoil.

It took a few more hours to get all of the plants put into the ground. My back wasn’t amused. Here we have the completed herbaceous border. Yes, again it looks quite bare and relatively uninspiring, but give it time. Spaces between plants is a good thing; plants needs space to spread and merge into their neighbours. Anyway, tada!

Left-Hand Border
Plants are in.

Building a herbaceous border. Pt. 1.

With a 200ft garden, I decided I had space to cut it up into four segments. Each segment would perform a different function. My choices for these sections was heavily dictated by the bizarre levels present in this garden. Around a third of the way up the garden, there is an alarming natural terrace where the terrain slopes rapidly upwards by about two feet, then levels out, then slopes upward again after 40 feet or so. I decided that this central, flat area was best left as the main lawn. (Lawn spaces should ideally be as flat as possible, with few lumps and bumps.) Whilst part of my aim with this new garden was to make the most of all the space available to grow fruit, veg or low-maintenance plants, I also wanted a decent patch of lawn. If you have young children, the reason for this will be obvious. I, however, have a German Shepherd. Dogs need a bit of lawn to run about on and follow the call of nature! The 40 ft x 25 ft square of level lawn is now dubbed Flame’s Lawn, after my dog.

For the first section, I wanted impact. I wanted maturity, lushness, colour and a sense of formality. How nice to walk into a garden and be instantly assaulted by colour and scent, and a strong impression of design. I wanted to create the illusion of this first section being the garden in its entirety. A neat trick, in my opinion, is to present a full garden of colourful herbaceous borders on either side of a formal path, with a screen of mature shrubs at its end and a rose arch which promises the potential of more beyond.

The screen of shrubs at the end of this section is very important. Originally, I had planned for some formal trellis panels, installed as a screen, but whilst attractive this would be expensive. Instead, I opted for larger evergreens and year-round interest shrubs as partial obstructions to the views of the larger garden beyond. I chose Viburnum x carlcephalumCeanothus ‘Silver Surprise’ (Californian lilac), Cytisus scoparius (yellow broom), Coprosma ‘Pacific Sunset’ and Cornus alba ‘Kesselringii’ (a dogwood with impressively dark winter stems). On one side of the trellised rose arch that intersects this screen would be a white climbing rose (undecided on cultivar yet), and on the other side I wanted to grow one of the more attractive varieties of honeysuckle, so I opted for Lonicera henryi and another evergreen climber, Trachleospermum jasminoides variegata (star jasmine). All of these plants perform more than one function – that is, they are flowering and/or evergreen and/or have winter interest and/or have high scent value. I’m a firm believer in plants working for their keep.

These two formal herbaceous beds on either side of the first section of path measure around 10 ft wide by 25 ft in length. One border is slightly shorter to accommodate an area of paving slabs on which stands the new shed. That kind of space demands a lot of plants. One of the few advantages of working in horticultural retail is the bargains. Oh, so many bargains. As a result, I’ve been collecting plants for some time now. At one stage, the patio looked like a plant nursery. Now, it’s time to put these plants in the ground.

I decided on graduations of flower and leaf colour. Putting that into practice has been less easy than typing it, as I already had the majority of the plants before making that decision! The right-hand bed was the first to be dug out. We used a turf stripper to slice off a thick layer of turf, and over a ton of topsoil was dug into the already very loamy soil we found lurking under the turf. A great start. I sorted the plants into colour. On the right-hand side, as you walk down the path, I wanted graduations of blues, purples and whites. Here’s the bed in early Spring (the rest of the garden is untouched), and here’s the full plant list for the right-hand herbaceous bed.

April 2014

Looks pretty uninspiring, huh?

  • Rosmarinus officinalis
  • Mentha (common mint)
  • Lavandula angustifolia
  • Melissa officinalis (Lemon Balm)
  • Hosta ‘Wedgewood Blue’
  • Thyme x citridoris ‘Aureus’
  • Lilium longiflorum (Easter Lilly; Tree Lily)
  • Geranium somobor ‘Mourning Widow’
  • Geranium ‘Espresso’
  • Geranium alba
  • Pulmonaria ‘Sissinghurst White’
  • Pieris japonica ‘Flaming Silver’
  • Hesperis matronalis var. albiflora (sweet rocket)
  • Delphinium ‘King Arthur’
  • Aquilega ‘Blue Barlow’
  • Salvia nemorosa ‘Ostfriesland’ x 2
  • Acanthus spinosus (Bear’s Breeches)
  • Carex ‘Ice Dance’ x 3
  • Cornus alba elegantissima x 2
  • Penstemon ‘Electric Blue’
  • Tradescantia ‘Sweet Kate’
  • Pittosporum tenuifolium
  • Geranium renardii
  • Alcaea (Hollyhock) – White
  • Chaenomeles speciosa ‘Nivalis’
  • Philadelphus ‘Belle Etoile’
  • Dianthus ‘Grenadin White’
  • Lupinus ‘Gallery White’
  • Dicentra spectabilis ‘Gold Heart’
  • Pulmonaria longifolia ‘Diane Clare’
  • Aquilega ‘Black Barlow’
  • Geranium ‘Hocus Pocus’
  • Fatsia japonica
  • Cornus alba elegantissima
  • Spirea arguta
  • Philadelphus maculatus ‘Sweet Clare’
  • Papaver ‘Checkers’

They are mostly blues and whites, with some variations on purples (lilacs and deeper purples). Once these plants have grown and spread a little, and merged slightly into each other, it should create a natural and pleasing effect using colour and texture, and varying heights in the border.